After natural disasters people in the affected regions are often left with nothing. Earthquakes, flooding or storms quickly destroy whole regions and livelihoods. In the event of armed conflicts, the civil population suffers above all from violence and lack of food and medical care. Immediate aid and emergency relief try to mitigate the consequences of crises.
The consequences of disasters and armed conflicts destroy the livelihoods of a great number of people. They destroy whole regions and with them basic food resources as well as health, hygiene and transport infrastructures. Every minute counts ‑ that is why the emergency relief of the GRC runs like a clockwork.
Acute emergency relief
During the first days and weeks after a disaster, it is necessary to save lives and secure survival. The specific emergency relief depends on the situation on site. The GRC first of all assesses the situation and coordinates the relief activities with the Red Cross and Red Crescent Society of the respective country. After that, for example, relief supplies like food, tarpaulins, clothing and kitchenware are distributed. The supply of drinking water and sanitation is secured.
Support in armed conflicts
The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement as a worldwide recognised, neutral and impartially acting humanitarian actor also provides support in armed conflicts, when the population suffers or infrastructures are destroyed. We bring aid to the injured, to refugees and displanced persons and the sick, provide medicine, water and food orsupport the building of shelters, usually via the local sister society. We also support them in establishing their own structures for the management of volunteers.
Relief supplies on site and in stock
If possible, relief supplies like food, tarpaulins and clothing are locally procured and transported to the crisis region on the shortest and quickest way. Alternatively relief supplies for 300 000 people are available in the logistics centres of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Kuala Lumpur, Panama and Dubai. Relief supplies from Germany are usually flown-in only if the capacities of these international logistics centres are not sufficient.
Coordination as a perfectly balanced clockwork mechanism
Above all, relief flights from Germany will start if the basic needs of the affected population shall be secured and if relief can only be brought into the country from outside, primarily in the case of large-scale disasters. This starts with clean water and basic medical care. Therefore the GRC provides three different types of Emergency Response Units ‑ ERUs in its logistics centre at the Schönefeld airport in Berlin: The mobile Red Cross hospital, the mobile health care unit and water- and hygiene units.
The emergency relief units, tents and hygiene packets are stored in the logistics centre and are delivered on request. Relief supplies with an expiry date such as food and medicine are bought within the shortest period of time. For this purpose the GRC has concluded framework agreements with numerous suppliers in advance. In the case of an emergency, the suppliers will deliver the relief items immediately.