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  1. Forecast-based Financing
  2. Pilot projects

Uganda

In Uganda, the GRC supports the Ugandan Red Cross (URCS) in the implementation of a broad programme to deal with the effects of climate change and helping the communities to become more resilient to natural hazards.
In the wake of this project, the new and ground-breaking Forecast-based Financing (FbF) mechanism was developed and tested successfully. The concept of FbF is designed to reduce the impact of a disaster even before it happens. Since in most cases forecasts about extreme weather events are available a long time ahead of the actual event, FbF aims to allocate funding based on scientific evidence to be able to prepare the population and thus cushion or even avoid the effects of the extreme weather event in the first place. Forecasts are made in a joint effort of the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, the European Commission’s Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS) and the Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA).
In Uganda, FbF was used to prepare flood-prone communities for the occurrence of flooding. The concept provides for different thresholds of risk, which then in turn trigger different measures. When a certain threshold is passed, the URCS becomes active. Accordingly, when the water level in the Teso area reached a specific height, the volunteers started distributing around 5000 non-food items (NFI) for disaster preparedness to 370 households. These included two jerry cans, two bars of soap and water purification tablets for one month. Only one week later, the flood occurred as forecasted and hit the whole region severely, whereby the impact in the project villages was considerably lower than in the surrounding villages.

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