Mozambique has a coastline of almost 2.700 km. The vast majority of the population lives in coastal areas or close to the river. Survival and everyday life in these areas depend to a large extent on local resources, such as rain‐fed farming and fishing, whilst infrastructure is weak or even non‐existent. The high vulnerability, which is mostly related to poverty, and high exposure to tropical cyclones, flooding, erosion and sea level rise results in high disaster risks. There is an observed tendency of migration to the lowlands, thus placing a growing number of people, infrastructure and services at risk.
Increasingly climate related natural extreme events are likely to be fostered through climate change. Climate impacts and extreme weather events lead to a comparably high disaster risk in Mozambique. Studies of climate changes within Mozambique are complicated as there is lack of data for long‐scale observations”. However, there is clear evidence that following the global trend temperature has increased and the character of rainfall has changed appreciably. Whilst past trends are no guarantee of future change, especially in the context of uncertainty, they are the foundation from which to assess current adaptation strategies to climate change and how they may be appropriate given future expected change.”
Through the programme “Responding to Climate Change”, the Government of Mozambique wants to prepare the country through disaster risk management for the negative impacts of climate change, while at the same time creating opportunities for sustainable investment and growth. The goal is to assist Mozambique in formulating and implementing its climate change adaptation strategies and ‐ measures, reducing disaster risk‐ and vulnerability.