To mitigate the disastrous situation after the earthquakes in Nepal, the German Red Cross carried out many emergency relief measures together with its partner organisations. For example, the GRC distributed urgently needed relief items, set up a basic health care unit and is now supporting the reconstruction of shelters including the installation of water dispensers and sanitation infrastructure.
On the 25th of April and the 12th of May 2015, Nepal was hit by two severe earthquakes. More than 5.6 million people were affected. The disaster caused 8857 fatalities and a high number of injuries. Over 900,000 houses were destroyed partly or completely. The international Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement operated a comprehensive and complex emergency relief operation. Approximately 8,000 local volunteers were supported by about 300 international Red Cross delegates from over 30 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to care for the injured and homeless population.
Integrated reconstruction in Gorkha
One year after the ruinous earthquake in Nepal, the GRC's efforts to reconstruct the area continue running. One of the most severely affected regions was the Gorkha District, which is located next to the Chinese border and close to the epicentre of the first earthquake.
In close cooperation with the Belgian Red Cross (Flanders) and the Dutch Red Cross, an integrated project including building construction, water and sanitation, health and income-generating measures is developing. One of the goals is to rebuild approximately 700 houses. In the course of the project, Red Cross helpers and beneficiaries are trained in earthquake-proof construction techniques. We register the damages and determine the necessities to help where help is needed the most and support local authorities in planning, developing and implementing recovery measures.
Fast despatch of vital relief items
The GRC deployed three humanitarian flights carrying a total of 105 tons of vital goods to Nepal. As one of the first international humanitarian flights (in cooperation with the Federal Foreign Office) an aircraft of the GRC arrived with a load of 43.4 tons in Kathmandu on 29 April 2015. The load included 2,500 blankets, 250 tents, 1,000 kitchen and hygiene kits and 5,400 water tanks. Two further carriers brought in relief items according to the registered need. One of the flights was carried out in an unprecedented cooperation with the Siemens group which was supported by a donation from the Siemens staff.
Medical care via a basic health care unit
From mid-June until the end of September 2015 the GRC operated a basic health care unit together with the French and the Finnish Red Cross in the Dolakha District in the city of Singati. Every day about 70 patients from the surrounding villages were medicated. Altogether, 5,784 people received necessary operations and treatments, and 19 children were born there. The medical staff of eight experts achieved this together with 28 local helpers.